Dogs are known for their endless amounts of energy and playful attitudes, but they can sometimes get into some trouble. Dog owners face one common issue when their pup gets a hard crust between their eyes. In this article, we will explore how to remove hard crust from dogs eyes and some potential causes. So keep reading to learn more!
The hard crust can be anything from an annoyance to a severe health concern for your puppy, so whether you’re looking for home remedies or need to take your pup to the vet, it’s always good to know what you’re up against.
What Causes Hard Crust in Dog Eyes?
Several different things can cause the hard crust in a dog’s eyes. The most common cause seen is allergies to pollen, dust, or other airborne irritants. Other causes may include chronic blepharitis, entropion, an inward turning eyelid that becomes irritated because it rubs against the eye producing a reaction, or other external irritants such as paint fumes or smoke.
Symptoms of Hard Crust on Dog Eyes
Hard crust appearing on your dog’s eye means that he has an external irritant affecting his eyes. Other possible symptoms of this are constant squinting or watery discharge from his eyes.
You must take him to the vet as soon as possible so that they can determine what’s causing this and treat him accordingly. If you leave it untreated, then there’s a good chance your dog will end up with conjunctivitis, which is both painful and contagious.
Prevention Is Better Than Cure
To prevent a hard crust from forming in your dog’s eyes, you should not allow him to stay outside for long periods when there are high pollen levels in the air. If your yard is too dirty for him, you should consider cleaning it professionally.
You should also make sure your yard isn’t covered in dust particles because if it is, your dog will constantly be getting irritated eyes. Finally, avoid letting your dog spend too much time around smokers because their skin will be affected by the chemicals in cigarettes. Still, they’ll also get irritated eyes, leading to complex crust forming.
Things You’ll Need
- Baby shampoo (or dish soap)
- Cotton balls
- Towel or washcloth
- Warm wate
A Step by Step Guide on How to Remove Hard Crust From Dogs Eyes
Step 1: Determine How Much Crust is Around the Eye
Before attempting to remove the crust from your dog’s eyes, you must know how much crust is around their eyes. Determining this will help you determine whether or not to take them to a vet.
How can you tell? The crust should be ‘soft and flaky,’ meaning it comes off easily. If the crust has already started to attach itself to the skin of your dog’s eyelid, there might be permanent damage done – this kind of wound requires immediate veterinary care.
Step 2: Prepare Dog’s Eye
Before you even consider removing the crust from your dog’s eye, it is essential that you first prepare their eye to ensure no harm is done. The eyes should be ‘slightly bulging,’ meaning that there is enough fluid in them, which warm water can easily remove. How to prepare your dog’s eyes:
Place cotton balls under each eyelid. Next, wet a washcloth with warm water and place it over the closed eyelids. Leave this for fifteen minutes before you attempt any further action. After fifteen minutes, remove the washcloth and cotton balls. If there is still some crust, proceed to step three; if not, proceed to step four.
Step 3: Remove Hard Crust From Dog’s Eye
Using cotton balls and baby shampoo, remove the crust from your dog’s eye. How to remove the hard crust from their eyes:
Place a small amount of baby shampoo on a cotton ball. Gently wipe away any visible crusted areas around each eye, as this could cause pain if it is not done correctly. Rinse with warm water and repeat until the crust has been removed.
Step 4: Dry Eyes
Clean off excess water from your dog’s face by dabbing with a towel or washcloth. Try to keep your dog still for a few minutes – which can be difficult if they are uneasy about being wiped in the face – so that you do not cause any more damage to the eye. Then, allow your dog’s eyes to air dry for about five minutes before letting them outside or play with other dogs or people. How to make sure their eyes stay clean:
You can apply ointment around your dog’s eyes, but be sure not to use anything that contains cortisone, as it can do more harm than good. Make sure there is no shampoo left on the head of your dog – this will only complicate matters later on if their eyes are irritated by their shampoo. Please keep your dog indoors for at least an hour so that he can not scratch his sensitive eyes.
Step 5: Watch for Irritation
Suppose your dog’s eyes are itchy, red, sensitive to light, cloudy, or otherwise showing signs of irritation stop using the shampoo immediately. Cloudy eyes are a sign that an infection is forming within your dog’s eye – this can cause permanent damage to both their vision and overall health. Sinus infections are also possible, as well as other potential problems.
The safest bet is to take them to see a vet right away before any other complications appear. Vets usually charge around $65-$90 just for an office visit – depending on where you live – and that does not include any medical procedures or medications your dog may need.
If your dog’s eyes are only irritated, you can purchase a bottle of artificial tear solution from a pet store and apply a small amount to each eye every four hours. It will probably be around $20-$25 for a one-ounce bottle which should last about two weeks with twice-daily applications.
Note: Do not use artificial tears if an infection is present; leave this up to your vet. Also, do not confuse the artificial tears with ‘eye drops,’ as these are toxic if ingested by dogs (or humans). Continue applying until your dog’s eyes are no longer itchy or otherwise irritated. This may vary depending on several factors, but you should see an improvement after about two weeks or so in most cases.
Step 6: Prevention is Key
Use clean cotton balls every time you perform any procedure on your dog’s eye, and repeat steps one through five before bedtime each night for at least a week. How often you do this – or if at all – depends entirely upon how bad their problem was before you started cleaning their eyes. Eventually, they should be able to go one whole day without tearing up again; continue with this process for another week after that so you can be sure the problem does not reoccur.
How to make sure the hard crust never returns:
Don’t let your dog come into contact with other dogs or people who may have been sick recently. Keep them away from lawns that have recently been treated with chemicals and try to keep your dog’s stress levels down as much as possible – this will help prevent many problems from occurring in general. If their eyes tear up again, consult a vet before trying to handle it yourself unless they are severely irritated; if something seems off, take them to see a vet immediately!
Your dog’s eyes should be cleaned daily at first – which requires about 90 seconds to do – then every two days, then every three days, and so on until you reach one week before the problem returns. But, of course, how often your dog needs its eyes cleaned depends entirely on how healthy they are. If they are tired, not eating correctly, have allergies, are overweight, stressed out, or otherwise unhealthy, they are likely to tear more often than a healthy dog who gets regular exercise and eats well.
Step 7: Last Resort Options
If all else fails, you can try out some artificial tear solutions designed specifically for pets that may or may not be helpful depending on what type of irritant is causing your dog to tear up.
These can be found at many pet stores; look for the safe ones for dogs, cats, and other types of pets. How effective they will depend entirely on the problem you are dealing with here – if it’s pollen, an artificial tear solution may help. Still, if your dog tears up because they have scratched their eyes, artificial tears are not likely to work well.
How long these solutions last also varies depending on how severe your dog’s condition is; once again, this is something you need to find out through trial and error! However, these steps will help in how to remove hard crust from dogs eyes.
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Keeping your dog’s eyes clean and free of the crust is essential. This will help them see better, but it will also make them more comfortable. By following the tips in this article on how to remove hard crust from dogs eyes you can easily remove any hard crust that may have built up on your dog’s eyes.